A migraine episode can have up to four phases. Not all migraine sufferers experience each of these phases, and one attack can be different from the next.
Prodrome phase: this first phase can begin hours or days before the others. About 30-40% of migraine sufferers will experience this "pre-headache" phase, with symptoms including fatigue, neck pain, mood changes, and difficulty concentrating.
Aura phase: experienced by approximately ¼ of migraine sufferers, the aura phase consists primarily of visual symptoms. A visual aura can appear as blind spots, wavy lines, flashes of light, or even partial loss of sight.
Headache phase: the headache phase of a migraine attack can be the most painful part. The headache is typically on one side of the head and can feel as if it's pulsing or throbbing. During this phase, a person may also experience extreme sensitivity to light, sound, and smell, as well as nausea or vomiting.
Migraine pain is not easy to deal with, and many live in fear of when the next attack will hit. The good news is that this may not have to be a lifelong sentence of pain. Researchers have shed light on the possible reasons for and solutions to migraines.
Studies Providing Insight on Migraines
Dr. Raymond Damadian invented the MRI and used it in a number of studies. He was looking closely at the top bone of the neck, the C1 vertebra (atlas), and how it related to the overall health of a person. He noted that if this bone misaligns, the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid is hindered. This can lead to intracranial pressure and migraines as cerebrospinal fluid pools.
Another study performed in the Netherlands examined the link between patients who have had migraines for an extended period of time and whether they were showing signs of progressive brain damage. Twenty-eight people were part of this study and agreed to undergo diagnostic imaging. Patients with fewer migraines showed fewer abnorm...
Migraines are often described as causing extreme, throbbing pain in the head. Only 1% of people escape having some kind of a headache in their entire life. In a year’s time, 90% of people experience a headache. When it comes to migraines, about 17% of the world’s population get them. This means that, at one time or another, 1 billion people are suffering from a migraine. Yet, this condition remains a mystery. Research continues to abound, but few answers are found. So what do we know?
Migraines are neurological in origin making them different than headaches. They have a wide variety of symptoms including:
Light and sound sensitivity
Nausea and possible vomiting
One thing that researchers agree on is that migraines often occur due to a lack of oxygen and blood flow to the brain. This can be linked to a misalignment of the bones of the upper neck, in particular, the C1 and C2 vertebrae. A misalignment here, even if it is as small...